Homeless Souls: Issues of Identity Formation for International and Domestic Nomads

Volume 4-Issue 4
Stephanie RESSLER
Pages: 48-62 Download Count : 1272 View Count: 993 Facebook Share on Google+ Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley


This paper explores the complexities of identity formation in children and adolescents who have grown up in a world of constant change and transition. While these changes can be applied to the experiences of many mobile groups who transition within one culture, this paper focuses primarily on groups who live internationally mobile lifestyles, transitioning between several cultures within their lifetime. These children are often referred to as Third Culture Kids (TCKs) but may also be known as “global nomads,” “missionary kids,” or “military brats,” among others. Despite the many benefits that can result from broad cultural and social exposure, this paper looks at several challenges that these individuals face as they begin to formulate and embrace their true identities.


  • Third culture kids
  • transition
  • identity
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