The Effects of Identity Dimensions and Employment on the Transition to Adulthood

Volume 3 - Issue 1
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Sense of adulthood is influenced both psychological and contextual factors. The aim of this present study is to examine the contribution of psychological (identity dimensions) and contextual (being in university and being employed) process on a sense of adulthood. Data was collected from 312 participants. Identity Stage Resolution Index, Dimensions of Identity Development Scale and the following item: `Do you think that you have reached adulthood?`were used. Results showed that most of participants who are in workforce perceived themselves as adults whereas most of university students stated that they had reached adulthood in some respects but not in other respects. Regression analysis indicated that all predictors accounted for 25% variance of the sense of adulthood of emerging adults who took part in the present study. The best predictor of sense of adulthood is commitment making and then ruminative exploration, identification with commitment and being employed.


  • Sense of adulthood
  • identity development
  • employment
  • emerging adulthood
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