Web-Based Counseling: Evaluating Efficacy in Light of Ethical Challenges and Therapeutic Advantages

Volume 3 - Issue 4
William Ross
Pages: 84-99 Download Count : 900 View Count: 730 Facebook Share on Google+ Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley

Abstract:


The Pew Research Center (2009) report wireless internet usage discovered that 70% of American adults utilized the Internet and about half of U.S. citizenry reported having access to the Internet in their own homes. With statistics indicating such widespread Internet access it is no surprise that the World Wide Web is now being used as a source for mental health services. Although Internet-based mental health interventions have been in use before the 1980s in some forms (Skinner & Zack, 2004), there are still debates regarding the efficaciousness and ethics related to online practice. This research will summarize the history of the use of the internet for the provision of mental health services which also covers the types of Internet delivery systems. In addition it will focus on the ethical guidelines that have been developed by the major counseling agencies that provide guidance to the profession.

Keywords

  • Internet counseling
  • Ethics
  • Online counseling
  • web-based interventions
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