Volume 1 - Issue 3

July 2012

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Perceived Parenting Styles and Rejection Sensitivity in University Students

Mehmet Çardak Hakan Sarıçam Mustafa Onur
Pages: 57-69

The aim of present study to investigate the relationship between perceived parenting styles and rejection sensitivity in university students. The group of study was 360 university students (180 males, 180 females) at the Sakarya University. Personal Information Form, Perceived Parenting Styles Form and Rejection Sensitivity Scale were used for study. Independent samples T test was used to determine differences between variables and sub-dimensions and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis was used to evaluate the relationships of variables. According to findings, there is an important relationship between perceived parenting styles and rejection sensitivity. Authoritarian parents’ children have higher rejection sensitivity than other children. Democratic parents’ children have less rejection sensitivity than other children. Finally, perceived parenting styles have big effect on their children’ rejection sensitivity.

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Reducing Academic and Career Indecision: The Effectiveness of a First-year College Program

France Picard
Pages: 71-83

This article is on the effectiveness of a college program—the Session d’accueil et d’intégration (SAI)— designed to reduce academic and career indecision among first-year college students in Québec (Canada). A repeated measures study involving 973 students (506 enrolled in an SAI, 467 in a major program) enrolled in 21 colleges was used to test the trajectory of indecision and its sources (or indecision-related problems) throughout the first semester. An assessment of indecision sources is one way to identify successful strategies for guidance. Using a quasi-experimental design, a significant improvement in academic and career indecision—as well as in variables lack of self-knowledge, lack of method in decision-making and lack of information—was observed in the SAI group. Counter-intuitively, students enrolled in a major (comparison group) deteriorated on all those indecision sources, as well as dysfunctional belief and external barriers, along the first college semester. This result clearly suggests that when no specific orientation interventions are provided during the first college semester, indecision and its sources increase.

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The Effect of Body Image Satisfaction on Problematic Internet Use through Social Support, Problem Solving Skills and Depression

Aykut Ceyhan Esra Ceyhan Yıldız Kurtyilmaz
Pages: 84-96

This study investigates whether social support, problem solving skills and depression mediate the relationship between body image satisfaction and problematic Internet use. The research was carried out with the participation of 492 Turkish university students. The findings indicate that the individuals more dissatisfied with their body image have insufficient social support and consider their problem solving skills to be inadequate. This consequently makes them more depressed, and depression causes them to misuse the Internet more. According to these findings, body image satisfaction has significantly and directly affects social support, problem solving skills and depression. Furthermore, body image satisfaction has an indirect effect on depression through the partial mediation of social support and problem solving skills. Results also show that social support, problem solving skills and depression act as mediators between body image satisfaction and problematic Internet use. Moreover, social support and problem solving skills have also indirect effects on problematic Internet use through the partial mediation of depression.

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The Relationship between Early Separation Anxiety, Attachment Styles and Adjustment

Erdal Hamarta M. Engin Deniz Coşkun Arslan Bülent Dilmaç
Pages: 97-106

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between early separation anxiety, attachment styles and adjustment. The participants of study are 158 female and 105 male university students. Their ages are between 17-19 and age means are 18.66 (Ss:0.51). To collect data personal information form, The Separation Anxiety Symptom Scale (Ceyhan, 2000), Raynolds Adolescent Adjustment Screening Inventory (adapted to Turkish by Meric, 2007) and The Inventory of Experiences on Close Relationships (Sumer, 2006) were used. According to results, there is a significant positive correlation between early separation anxiety and adjustment – high points state general adjustment of people- (r=.26, p<.001). There is also significant positive correlation between early separation anxiety and avoidance - dimension of attachment styles- (r=.13, p<.05). Another significant positive correlation between early separation anxiety and anxiety -dimension of attachment styles- (r=.40, p<.001) was found. These results show that early separation anxiety correlate with adjustment and attachment styles.

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The Views Of Primary and Preschool Education Teachers about Home Visiting: A Study in Turkey

Pınar Bahçeli Kahraman Meral Taner Derman
Pages: 107-117

The aim of this study is to investigate the views of primary school and preschool teachers about home visiting and the reasons of performing home visiting with respect to parental involvement. A survey form which was prepared by the researchers has been given to primary school and preschool teachers. The survey consists of four open ended questions. 108 teachers have participated in the study. 30 of these teachers were preschool teachers and 78 of them were primary school teachers. The data indicated that 39 teachers haven’t used home visiting before. %45 of teachers who have used home visiting preferred to learn the child’s home environment and life style. According to the findings, only 1 teacher stated that home visiting isn’t useful. Also, teachers who used home visiting stated that they encountered with positive reactions although 4 of them indicated that they encountered with negative reactions.

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Emotional Expressivity and Loneliness in Religious and Moral Studies Education Students

Pages: 31-40

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between emotional expressivity and loneliness. Participants of the study were 339 university students. Of the participants 175 were female and 164 were male. The Berkeley Emotional Expressivity Scale and the UCLA Loneliness Scale were used as measures. The relationships between emotional expressivity and loneliness were examined using correlation analysis and the hypothesis model was tested through structural equation modeling. In correlation analysis, loneliness was negatively related to both total emotional expressivity scores (r=-.52) and to subscales of emotional expressivity (positive expressivity r=-.57, negative expressivity r=-.38, impulse strength r=-.28). The structural model demonstrated excellent fit (χ2 =277.46, p =.00000, GFI =.94, AGFI =.93, CFI =.98, IFI =.98, NFI =.96, RFI =.95, and RMSEA =.047) and also accounted 68% of loneliness variances. According to path analysis results, loneliness was predicted negatively by positive expressivity, negative expressivity, impulse strength, and total emotional expressivity scores.

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Bloom’s Revized Taxonomy and Critics on It

Pages: 23-30

The aim of this study is to point out the reasons of and the critics about revised taxonomy which has been used since 1956 and was revised in 2001. Scanning method is used in this study. In the light of analysis of data collection, these results are obtained: 1. Reasons behind the revision of Bloom’s taxonomy are; being unable to respond with a one-dimensional form to the developments in educational psychology and learning approaches, having difficulty in evaluating owing to the cumulative hierarchical framework of original taxonomy, and being insufficient of one-dimensional form of Bloom’s taxonomy within the scope of cognitive processes. 2. Here are the main critics of the revised taxonomy; revised taxonomy brings terminological and structural innovations for the process of instructional planning, increased number of sub-categories contributes to phase of reading objectives, revised taxonomy makes it possible to use new concepts, such as performance and authentic assessment, there are different opinions about the two steps that are accepted as the most difficult and located at the top. The knowledge dimension and cognitive process dimension are understandable enough and there are difficulties regarding the use of the classification.

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