Volume 2 - Issue 2

April 2013

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Subjective Well-Being, Positive and Negative Affect in Turkish University Students

Hasan YILMAZ Coskun ARSLAN
Pages: 1-8

The current study used a survey model to analyze 450 university students between 18 and 28 years of age to investigate associations between subjective well-being, positive and negative affect. Data were collected from Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) and Subjective Well-Being Scale. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were determined. We found that there was a significant negative relationship between subjective well-being and negative affect. However, there was a significant positive relationship between subjective well-being and positive affect. Besides, it was found that negative and positive affects making significantly explain subjective well-being.

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Perspectives of the Turkish Participants on Erasmus Exchange Programme

Serhat ARSLAN
Pages: 9-18

This study conducted to examine the effects of Erasmus programme on the university students who participated in Erasmus exchange programme, utilized a qualitative research methodology. Data were obtained through semi-structured interviews with 15 students attending Sakarya University who participated in exchange programme. The subjects of the study were selected via criterion-sampling. Data obtained through semi-structured interviews were analyzed by using descriptive analysis technique. The findings of the study were classified into four main themes which were “contributions of Erasmus programme to offer an abroad experience”, “contributions of Erasmus programme to get to know oneself, one’s own culture, the other cultures and to realize cultural and vocational exchange”, “contributions of Erasmus programme to self-development” and “contributions of Erasmus programme to the changes within the notion of European Union and multiculturalism”. At the end of the study, it was suggested that extending the research to the other universities at home and abroad which participate in Erasmus exchange programme would be a good future research avenue.

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Effects of Restorative Discipline Model on Bullying and Violence in High Schools

Arzu HANHAN
Pages: 19-35

The purpose of the research is to establish the prevalence of bullying and violent behavior among students of general and vocational high schools of low-medium socio-economic status; and to evaluate the efficiency of Restorative Discipline Model in solving peer bullying and violence in a stable and constructive way. The research employed both qualitative and quantitative research methods and techniques. To obtain quantitative data the sample group consisted of 561 students of grades 9, 10, 11 and 12 while the group that provided qualitative date consisted of 145 students and 31 various “Restorative Practices” involving bullying or violence problems. The quantitative data were analyzed statistically and content analysis was applied to analyze the qualitative data. All of the 31 discipline problem cases were solved permanently and constructively. It can be inferred from the results that the Restorative Discipline Model is an effective tool for the solution of peer bullying and violence problems at general high schools and vocational high schools of low-medium socioeconomic level in Turkey.

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Self-Compassion as a Protective Factor for Depression, Anxiety and Stress: A Research on Turkish Sample

Zümra ÖZYESİL Müge AKBAĞ
Pages: 36-43

The empirical study aims to examine the predictive power of self-compassion on depression, anxiety and stress on Turkish sample. The study was designed in correlative investigation model. A total number of 522 university students (360 female, 162 male) participated in the study. The data were obtained using the Self-compassion Scale (SCS- Neff, 2003; Deniz, Kesici, & Sümer, 2008) and Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASSLovibond & Lovibond, 1995; Akın, & Çetin, 2007). Correlation analysis indicated that self-compassion scores were negatively correlated with depression, anxiety and stress scores. Moreover, as a result of the regression analysis, it was found that self- compassion scores explained 18% of total variance in depression scores, 14% of total variance in anxiety scores, and 21% of total variance in stress scores. According to these results, it was concluded that self-compassion plays a role as predictive factor of depression, anxiety and stress in Turkish study sample. The results are discussed in the light of the related literature.

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Leading Level of Turkish Language Teachers to Students for Creative Activities: A Phenomenological Approach

Havva YAMAN Merve SUROĞLU SOFU
Pages: 44-54

This research has been carried out to determine leading level of Turkish language teachers to their students for creative activities. Qualitative research method; among research designs, phenomenology technique has been used in the study. Data of the research have been collected via face-to-face conversations with Turkish language teachers. Content analysis has been applied to interview records on the purpose of data evaluation. Among content analysis types, categorical data analysis has been chosen. Categories have been formed after coding the data and the findings have been interpreted. Our results concluded that; Turkish language teachers accept some activities, included in the lecture books, as useful. These activities are particularly the ones releated to reading and writing, filling the blanks in a text, completing a poem or an essay, composing a story by visual reading of some given images, creative drama, composition exercises, painting according to a given story, speaking by choosen words from a concept pool, writing based upon the sensations. The teachers, on the other hand, principally canalize their students to brain storming, creative writing and creative speaking activities. Noise in the classroom is the mostly encountered problem during these implementations. Some suggestions to facilitate teachers’ leading level for creative activities, have been revealed according to the results of our study.

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Academics’ Mobbing and Job Satisfaction Levels

Aydın ÇiViLiDAĞ Nurten SARGIN
Pages: 56-66

This study is analyzed academics’ job satisfaction and mobbing levels in terms of gender, type of university and title variable and to identify whether there is a relation between mobbing and job satisfaction levels or not. The participants are 250 female % 47.25 and 279 male %52.74 academics in Turkey. Negative Acts Questionnaire, developed by Einarsen (1996) and the scale of job satisfaction, developed by Hackman and Oldham, (1980) were used in the study. Results, it was found that mobbing and job satisfaction did not show a significant difference in terms of gender. However, it was determined that the academics in state universities were exposed to mobbing more than at private universities. Other results are that job satisfaction of the academics in foundation universities was higher than that of those in state universities. The research assistants were exposed to mobbing more than other academics. It was also found that while the professor doctors have more job satisfaction levels than the others. Besides, it was determined that mobbing and job satisfaction levels of academics are negatively correlated.

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