Volume 3 - Issue 4

October 2014

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Structural Validity of Turkish Version of the Error Oriented Motivation Scale (EOMS) for University Students

Özkan ÇİKRIKCİ Yavuz TOPKAYA Bayram YILAR Seraceddin Levent ZORLUOĞLU
Pages: 1-16

This paper describes the psychometric properties of the Error Oriented Motivation Scale (EOMS) in Turkish sample. The EOMS was developed to determine individuals’ strategies in case of occurring errors. The current study consisted of two different studies designed in survey research. The research group of study 1 was composed of 242 university students. The mean age was 21.66 (Sd: 1.65) with an age range from 18 to 26 years. The results of confirmatory factor analysis, item analysis, and reliability analysis appeared strong support for reliable and valid measure. Study 2 including second order confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to get evidence for cross factorial validation of EOMS. Participants of study 2 were 100 graduate students. The age of participants ranged from 18 to 26. Study 2 demonstrated that the three factor model of EOMS in Turkish sample showed excellent model with sufficient fit indices. In total, the EMOS is a reliable and valid measure among Turkish university students.

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Self-image and Reading Development - the Effect of Self-Image on Reading Development among Pupils in Grade 2

Linda Fälth Idor Svensson Sara Carlsson Stefan Gustafson
Pages: 17-34

The overall purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between self-image and different reading abilities among pupils with reading difficulties in grade 2. The purpose was also to examine whether there were any differences between typical readers and pupils with reading difficulties with regard to self-image. The empirical material consists of 130 pupils who were tested at five different test sessions with different reading-related tests. Their self-image was tested twice at an interval of nearly a school year The results showed that there were differences between pupils with reading difficulties and typical readers with regard to the self-image level, where pupils with reading disabilities had a significantly lower self-image than typical readers. Among pupils with reading disabilities those with a low self-image showed significantly less improvement in word decoding and reading comprehension than students with a typical self-image.

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Assessment of the Relationship between Personal Motivations and General Successes of the Students

Pages: 35-51

For the students, studying in line with a target, keeping their motivation strong are very important for their successes. The purpose of this study is being able to see the differences between the personal motivations and general successes of the nursing department students who have been receiving education in first and fourth grades and being able to contribute to their learning experiences. In the study, You and Your Future Scale (SGÖ) that was developed by the researchers is applied to total 160 students. Factor analysis, descriptive statistics, correlation, multivariate regression analysis were used in data evaluation and t-test was used in independent groups and dependent groups. In the result, meaningful difference was found between the personal motivations and general success averages of the grades. Being more happy of the 4th grades, may be attributed to their behavioral changes they gained in the school and their perceiving the events more positively and their high personal motivations.

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The Relationship between Social Support, Coping Strategies and Stress among Iranian Adolescents Living in Malaysia

Mohtaram Rabbani Mariani Bintie Mansor Siti Nor Yaacob Mansor Abu Talib
Pages: 52-63

The major purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between social support, coping strategies and stress among 150 Iranian adolescents among Iranian adolescents in Malaysia. Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale, the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire and Brief COPE Inventory, which evaluate the various ways people react to stress were employed in this study. The Sobel Mediation Test was conducted to examine the mediation outcome of problem-focused coping strategies on the relationship of social support and stress with insignificant results. Therefore, social support does not significantly impact stress through problem-focused coping strategies (z = 0.57, p > 0.05). The Sobel Mediation Test was also conducted to determine the mediation impact of emotion-focused coping strategies on the relationship between social support and stress is significant. So, social support significantly affect stress through emotion-focused coping strategies (z = 2.29, p < 0.05). The results of this investigation indicated that problem-focused coping strategies cannot mediate the relationship between social support and stress, but emotion-focused coping strategies can. Additional to the general inverse relationship between social support and stress, the use of emotion-focused coping strategies serves to strengthen the effect of social support with stress. In particular, with increase in stress, students using emotion-focused coping strategies tend to have less stress. This suggests that emotion-focused coping strategies are effective strategies to bring about decreased stress among adolescents. This study confirms the belief that using emotion-focused coping strategies could have a correlation with lower stress among Iranian adolescents and can mediate the relationship between social support and stress.

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Trust in Administration: How Administrators Relate to Parents of Students with Disabilities

Lisa Allen Paula Jean Burns
Pages: 64-83

Parental trust in school administration was significantly related to parental involvement in the classroom (Machen, Wilson, & Notar, 2005). In special education, parental trust was identified “…as a foundational element in many issues involving conflict between parties” (Lake & Billingsley, 2000, p. 244). The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine interactions between elementary school principals and parent(s) of students with special learning needs from the perspective of the parent(s) to determine principal behaviors that fostered a trusting relationship. The authors utilized a conceptual framework based on research by Tschannen-Moran (2004) that identified five key components of trust. Parental responses were categorized based on these five components to determine elementary principal behaviors that foster trust.

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Web-Based Counseling: Evaluating Efficacy in Light of Ethical Challenges and Therapeutic Advantages

William Ross
Pages: 84-99

The Pew Research Center (2009) report wireless internet usage discovered that 70% of American adults utilized the Internet and about half of U.S. citizenry reported having access to the Internet in their own homes. With statistics indicating such widespread Internet access it is no surprise that the World Wide Web is now being used as a source for mental health services. Although Internet-based mental health interventions have been in use before the 1980s in some forms (Skinner & Zack, 2004), there are still debates regarding the efficaciousness and ethics related to online practice. This research will summarize the history of the use of the internet for the provision of mental health services which also covers the types of Internet delivery systems. In addition it will focus on the ethical guidelines that have been developed by the major counseling agencies that provide guidance to the profession.

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The November 2014 Issue of The Online Journal of Counseling and Education (TOJCE) is published online. TOJCE in its new interface and further improved design, continues to provide a platform for sharing and acquiring knowledge in the form of high quality empirical and theoretical research papers from all over the world.

In our November issue, there are six articles, four of them are original empirical research studies, one of them is a review article and the latter is a psychometric study. Özkan Çikrikci and his colleagues adapted the Error Oriented Motivation Scale (EOMS) into Turkish. Linda Fälth and colleagues, has explored the effect of self-image on reading development. Saba Yalçin and Inci Açikgöz investigated relationship between personal motivations and general success. Mohtaram Rabbani and colleagues has a paper on the relationship between social support, coping strategies and stress. Lisa Allen and Paula Jean Burns conducted a study on how administrators relate to parents of students with disabilities. William Ross has a review article on the efficacy of web-based counseling with an emphasis on the ethical challenges and therapeutic advantages.

Editorial Team of TOJCE Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmet AKIN Contact: editortojce@gmail.com