Volume 5- Issue 3

July 2016

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The Challenges of Junior High School Mathematic Teachers in Implementing the Problem-Based Learning for Improving the Higher-Order Thinking Skills

Pages: 1-13

The study was to describe the challenges of junior high school mathematics teachers in implementing the problem-based learning (PBL) for improving the higher-order thinking skills (HOTS). The study was descriptive explorative research by means of the qualitative approach. The data were gathered by performing interviews and focus group discussions toward nine mathematics teachers in the selected junior high schools that represented four regencies and one city in the Province of Yogyakarta Special Region in Indonesia. Then, the data were analyzed by focusing on the theme in order to attain the proper understanding. The results of the study showed that the teachers’ challenges in implementing PBL might be categorized based on the problem sources that came from either the students or the teachers. The challenges from the students were: the students’ competencies in one class were various, the students had not been accustomed to working contextual essay test items by performing several steps, lacked self-confidence, struggle, and motivation. On the other hand, the challenges from the teachers were: the teachers lacked understanding of PBL and HOTS, had difficulties in developing the HOTS-based problems, in developing the teaching kits, searching the examples of problem to conduct PBL and test items for measuring HOTS written in Bahasa Indonesia and the items regarding HOTS had not been used in the school examination and the national examination.

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The Academic Motivation Levels in Turkish Middle Schools

Pages: 14-30

The purpose of this study is to investigate the students’ academic motivation levels that have high effects on learning environment. A Self Determination Theory of Deci and Ryan were introduced in this study. The data were collected using quantitative research method. A questionnaire survey of the academic motivation scale was conducted in eleven middle schools in Serdivan, Turkey. The responses of 722 participants were analyzed using the SPSS package program on significance levels of 5%. Analysis shows that scores of intrinsic motivation to experience stimulation, intrinsic motivation to know, intrinsic motivation toward accomplishments, extrinsic motivation introjected and extrinsic motivation external regulation differ significantly in all fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth grades. On the other hand, extrinsic motivation identified and amotivation scores did not differ significantly in all middle school grades. However, more initiatives are needed to deliver maximum achievement through motivation in both private and public schools.

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The Relations between Personal Growth Initiative and Identity Styles among Youth

Pages: 31-38

Adolescence and emerging adulthood are crucial periods for identity development. A lot of models have been proposed to operationalize some of Erikson’s ideas on identity formation. One of these models was Berzonsky’s social-cognitive perspective. A great number of contributions have been made to explain which factors facilitate optimal identity development. The present study focused on personal growth initiative. The aim of this study is to examine the contribution of personal growth initiative on identity styles. Participants were 208 (54.8% females, 45.2% males) university students aged between 18 and 22 years (Mage = 19.36 years, SDage = 0.94). In order to collect data Identity Style Inventory and Personal Growth Initiative Scale-II were used. Findings indicated that personal growth initiative’s cognitive and behavioral components were associated with identity styles.

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A Cultural Contribution from Bride’s Trousseau (Dowry) to “Emerging Adulthood”: Ideas Based on Turkish Culture

Pages: 39-46

This paper tries to set out the link between emerging adulthood and preparing dowry in Turkish culture. As reviewed by Arnett, emerging adulthood is a culturally constructed life phase and thought to carry its own constellation of demographic and psychological correlates. In this editorial essay, dowry is discussed not only in its original form that has served to ornament houses as laces and cloths which are usually kept and in a wood chest typically but also in its recent form that serves to set up houses as furniture and white goods at least for the urban educated part of the society. We think this change is quite related with the presence and duration of emerging adulthood as it makes the transition to adulthood a longer and more difficult period. We suggest that preparing dowry and having this tradition regionally in different levels of importance effects the timing of transition to adulthood in Turkey.

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