Volume 5- Issue 4

October 2016

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The Differences in Creative Thinking: The Comparison of Male and Female Students

Pages: 1-13

In the literature, previous studies reported that females were more creative than males. In opposite, some studies informed that males are more creative than females. Also, it was notified that there was no significant difference between females and males according to other studies. For this reason, this study was conducted to study the creative thinking ability in terms of gender differences in order to obtain new findings to this area. Accordingly, Turkish university female students were compared with male students to determine whether significant difference. According to results, it was found significant difference between females and males upon creative thinking in favor of females. Also, it was found that females scored higher on the originality and strengths subscales of the creative thinking than males. Thus, it was concluded that female students might possess creative and innovative as creative style in thinking process significantly than male students in higher education level.

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Understanding the Psychological State from Facebook Profile: A Qualitative Study on Ethical Awareness

Pages: 13-26

The main aim of this study is to examine the prospective psychological counselors’ awareness about the ethical considerations of using Facebook as a psychological counselor. 30 second year and 30 fourth year Turkish students studying in Cyprus participated in the present research study. Self-report was used as the data collection technique. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the qualitative data based on the main themes. In addition, the qualitative data was supported with quantitative data with frequencies. The findings revealed that although second and fourth year students indicated similar reasoning for each theme, the frequencies were different. Mostly, there are differences in second and fourth year students’ thoughts about the usage of Facebook. The research findings also revealed that although fourth year students are more aware of the ethical considerations and outcomes of unethical practice, the ethical issues should be more emphasized in the counseling classes.

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Changes in Counseling Center Client Problems across 7 semesters in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Pages: 27-37

Examining the changes in the problems of the students referring to the university counseling center can help authorities to figure out the students’ problems and seek a remedy. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in counseling center client problems at a university in southwest Iran. Participants were 1935 students who utilized counseling center services consulted in University during seven semesters from August 2011 to Feb 2014. The data were collected from the archive of the university counseling center. Of 1935 students referring to the counseling centers, most of them had Adaptive and Individual problems (33.6%), and some had psych-emotional problems (28.8%). Our finding revealed that all types of problem areas have reduced during this period. This decrease is probably due to the attempt of the adviser professors in identifying and referring vulnerable students to the counseling center, and supporting role of this center in preventive measures. The finding showed that the problems of the students referred to counseling center of University have decreased in all areas. These changes might affect counseling service in the university.

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Relationship between Socio Demographic Factors and Residential Satisfaction Among Iranian Immigrants’ Homeowners in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Pages: 38-48

This study examined the relationship between socio demographic characteristics and residential satisfaction of Iranian immigrants’ homeowners in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Data was collected from 235 participants using self-administered questionnaire. Pearson’s correlation analysis revealed household size, total earned income, education years, and length of residence in Malaysia had significant relationship with residential satisfaction of Iranian immigrants’ homeowners in Kuala Lumpur in the study area. However, there was no significant relationship between age, number of children, length of residence in current house, price of residential unit, number of bed rooms, number of living rooms, number of bath rooms, number of dining rooms, type of house and residential satisfaction of the immigrants’ homeowners. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that residential satisfaction did not differ between employment status of the respondent. Independent t-test revealed that there was no significant difference between gender and residential satisfaction of the participants. These relationships indicate that those who are higher income, bigger household size, and high level education are more satisfied. It is recommended that policy makers and planning authorities should give more emphasis on the development of housing conditions of Iranian immigrants’ homeowners to enhance their residential satisfaction.

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